Hair loss is caused by various factors, but genetic predisposition is the most important one. Hormone receptors cause hormones or enzymes to attack or weaken hair. However, stress, pollution and bad eating habits are additional factors that can worsen the condition.

Types of alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia

It is the most common type of alopecia. It occurs when the mother or the father pass down a chromosome with the hair loss genetic information. Nearly 40% of men suffer from baldness due to the transferred gene. If a member of your family suffers from hair loss, there is a high possibility that you will suffer it too.

Symptoms

Doctors refer to typical male and female baldness patterns. Men usually at first lose hair at the hairline (forehead and temples). Then, hair loss will occur on the upper part of the nape. Finally, the bald area of both regions meet and a central bald spot is formed. Hair loss speed is very variable from one man to another. In women, the scalp becomes more visible in zones where the scalp is more visible anyway, such as the center part.

Alopecia areata

It appears when pathological entities related to stress or diseases that attack follicles are present. In most cases, clumps of hair fall out, leaving smooth, hairless patches, however, in some cases, complete loss of hair may occur.

Symptoms

It generally starts with one or two bald spots. Loss may occur on scalp, beard, eyebrows, arms and legs. Bald patches are smooth and round.

If complete hair loss is caused by alopecia areata, this will occur within six months of the initial symptoms.

Alopecia universalis

This type of alopecia is an autoimmune disease that produces antibodies that attack hair follicles, resulting in complete loss of hair not only on the scalp but also on the body. It is an advanced form of alopecia areata and is believed to be linked to a hereditary gene.

Symptoms

It is characterized by total loss of hair on scalp and body. Generally there are no other symptoms, although some people may experience burning or itching on the affected areas. It may also be associated with conditions such as atopic dermatitis or thyroid disorders.

Consult an expert

It is very important to have the assessment of an expert to determine each patient’s condition. He thoroughly studies the problem and finds the best solution for each case

Nowadays, there are many individuals who have had hair transplants with negative results. The main reason for this is that the persons who performed the procedures did not have the required training and credentials or the facilities and instruments used were not the appropriate ones for a successful hair restoration surgery.

Unfortunately, already transplanted hair is a non-renewable resource and patients lose their investment, time and most importantly, their hair forever.